Professor Robert Dale.
If you request a person the same route they’ll say something like ‘well, you go along the street to just past the second traffic lights, then take a left, and then you go over a couple of quickness bumps and you’re generally there’.’ Through a number of experiments, Dale and his team identified three key differences between computer and individual directions, and constructed a machine that used a lot more ‘humanistic’ descriptions. ‘First of all, people have a tendency to use landmarks rather than distances in their directions,’ he says. ‘Very seldom will people say ‘move right for 300 metres’, they’re more likely to say ‘go along the road until you start to see the flagpole’ or ‘until the white gate’.Related StoriesMeat-wealthy diet may increase kidney cancer riskNew RNA test of blood platelets may be used to detect location of cancerOvarian cancer sufferers with a history of oral contraceptive use have better outcomesRoth 1st got the idea to study the hyperlink between anoxia-induced suspended animation and hypothermia from documented instances in which humans have managed to make complete recoveries after apparently freezing to death. Broadly publicized cases consist of Canadian toddler Erica Nordby, who in the winter of 2001 wandered outside clad only in a diaper. Her heart had stopped defeating for just two hours and her body’s temperature got plummeted to 61 degrees Fahreneit before she was found out, rewarmed and resuscitated. Another incident that produced headlines was that of a Japanese man, Mitsutaka Uchikoshi, who in 2006 fell asleep on a snowy mountain and was found by rescuers 23 days later with a core body’s temperature of 71 degrees Fahrenheit.